Fin Garden is one of the most visited tourist sites of Kashan and UNESCO World Heritage site. Being designed as a year-round recreational place for Persian Shah Abbas, the garden is still an example of a perfectly planned and equipped space for an enjoyable pastime.
History of Fin Garden
There are some signs that the garden was relocated from another place, but there is no obvious evidence of that. In its present form, the garden was designed during the rule of Shah Abbas I at the end of the 16th century. The construction was completed by 1590, which made Fin Garden the oldest extant garden in Iran. During next years, the garden was developed and rebuilt. Especially it was appreciated by Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, who considerably expanded the garden in the early years of 19th century. After that, the garden was partly destroyed due to negligence until 1935, when it was listed as a national property of Iran. In 2012, the garden was given the status of UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the 19th century Amir Kabir, the former chancellor of Persia and one of the most noticeable reformers in Iranian history, was exiled to Fin Garden and kept there in isolation. On 10th of January 1952, he was killed by the order of Nasir al-Din Shah in the building of Kashan Fin Bath, located in the garden. Now it’s the place of interest for many Iranians and tourists who are interested in the history of Iran.
Inside Fin Garden
Fin garden covers the area of 230 000 square meters, surrounded by walls with four circular towers. It is a traditional Persian garden, or ‘bagh’. The layout for this kind of gardens dates back to the time of Cyrus the Great. One of the most prominent features of them is a principle of ‘four gardens’ – square garden is divided into four parts by waterways. They represent the harmony of four Zoroastrian elements – sky, earth, water, and plants. Fin Garden is provided with water from a spring on a hillside next to the garden called Suleimanieh Spring. The water pressure is enough to make fountains, pools, and canals of the garden to work without mechanical pumps. The combination of water flows and a large amount of greenery creates what Iranians call Eden – the garden of Paradise. Orange trees, fruit trees, jasmine bushes, and flowers give the feeling of abundance, wealth and tranquility in the middle of the deserted landscape.
Architecture of Fin Garden
Various structures of Fin Garden were erected in different periods of the garden history by different rulers, so the architecture of the garden combines features of Safavid, Zandiyeh, and Qajar periods. Fin Garden includes two bathhouses (or ‘hammam’): bigger one from Qajar period and smaller one from Safavid period (the place of the murder of Amir Kabir). Also, two memorable buildings of the garden are two-storey pool house, or ‘shotor gelou’, and a recreational pavilion. The recreational pavilion was built in the later Qajar period and has a magnificent domed ceiling decorated with paintings.
Location of Fin Garden
Fin Garden is located on the south-west of Kashan, in a place, where earlier Fin village was located. The garden is at the end of Amir Kabir Street, which goes from the city center. On the way to Fin Garden, you can visit Tepe Sialk – ancient archeological site, in 4 km from Fin Garden. The disance to the city center is 7 km, and there you can visit such a popular attraction as historical houses Ameri, Abbasi, Tabatabaei and Borujerdi, Bazaar of Kashan and Agha Bozorg Mosque.
When to Visit Fin Garden
Fin Garden is open for visitors from 8.30 till 16.30. Except for the garden itself, there is Kashani National Museum located in one of the pavilions, where guests can see some ceramics, calligraphy work and a scale model of the garden. After the excursion, you can have a rest in the tea house of the garden – so plan your time to experience everything!
How To Get To Tehran Grand Bazaar
Follow Amir Kabir Street to the south-west. There are two parking lots both sides of the garden.
There is a bus stop in 1-minute walk from Fin Garden. Take a bus which follows Amir Kabir street till Bagh-e Fin.
Fin Garden Offices
Support is currently
Official support hours:
Sunday - Saturday / 9:00AM - 5:00PM (Asia/Tehran, GMT +3.5)